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LEFT: September 13, 1922. Kemalist forces set fire to the city of Smyrna (today Izmir, Turkey).    MIDDLE: Turkish atrocities, Smyrna 1922.  Photo: American Red Cross.    RIGHT: Greek civilians mourn their dead. Smyrna 1922. Photo: American Red Cross.



LEFT:Troupes standing beside their hanged victim, a decapitated and mutilated body of a Greek woman in Nazilli, Aydin province. Photo: N. Rigopoulos, June 15, 1920.    MIDDLE: Men of military age torn away from their wives and children and led away in groups for deportation to the interior. Smyrna 1922.  The National Geographic Magazine, Nov 1925, p. 562. Photo: C. D. Morris.   RIGHT: A boat overturns in the chaos as people line the Smyrna dock seeking passage out of Asia Minor, September 1922. Photo: Kardiakidis. Source: David E. Moore Collection.



LEFT: Turkish atrocities, Smyrna 1922. Decapitated corpse. Photo: American Red Cross.   MIDDLE: Weeding out men for deportation. After the Smyrna fire (Sep 1922) men between the ages of 17 and 45 were not permitted to leave Smyrna with their families but were sent into the interior of Anatolia. The National Geographic Magazine, Nov 1925, p. 562. Photo: C. D. Morris.  RIGHT: Nearly a thousand children in Constantinople found in cellars and hovels in a doped condition, having been given native narcotics to keep them quiet. Source: The New Near East, July 1922.



LEFT: Turkish Atrocities at Smyrna, 1922.   MIDDLE:  Villagers of Asia Minor who were driven into the mountains shortly after the Smyrna debacle. For three and a half months they lived on grass, roots and similar food, occasionally raiding an olive grove by night. Finally two bold members stole a small boat and escaped. The whole party is now being fed and clothed by the American Red Cross. Icons and other possessions commonly brought, are shown in the picture.  Date 1922. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA.    RIGHT: Deported from their homes. Circa June 1915. Source: The Tragedy of the Sea of Marmora, p9.



LEFT: The body of a deceased male along the shores of Phocea, 13 Jun 1914. Photo: Félix SartiauxMIDDLE: The body of a deceased female. In the background Turkish çetes are entering the town. 13 June 1914. Photo: Félix Sartiaux.  RIGHT: Massacred Greeks in western Anatolia laid out on stretchers. Photo: Evangelos Pappas (military photographer).



LEFT:Turkish irregulars showing off their booty after the pillage of Phocaea in 1914. At the head, a Turkish bandit shows off an umbrella, while in the background the French flag flies on top of a house as Greeks gather along the quay seeking passage out of the town. Photo: Félix SartiauxMIDDLE: A woman and 3 children gaze at the camera as they are taken away in a freight train with a soldier above them. Edirne (Adrianople), 4 Nov 1922. Photo: Frédéric Gadmer.  RIGHT:  Smyrna ablaze as the HMS Iron Duke is in the harbor. 14 September 1922. Photo: Burnett & Macaulay.



LEFT: Refugees after the Smyrna fire, 1922. Photo: Albert Kahn photographers.  MIDDLE: Greek refugees at Aleppo, Syria. Source: Library of Congress.  RIGHT: 5,000 orphaned children from Near East Relief orphanages trek 500 miles to safety from Harpoot to Syria. Photo: C.D Morris. Source: The New Near East, Dec 1922, pp. 10-11.



LEFT: Greek and Armenian orphans waiting for transport to Greece where they were being cared for by the Near East Relief (NER), circa 1915-1916. Photo: Library of Congress.  MIDDLE: Anatolian refugees at Aleppo, Syria, circa 1915-1916. Photo: Library of Congress.  RIGHT: 8,000 Greek refugees from Anatolia sheltered in caves near Aleppo, Syria. Source: The New Near East, July 1923. Vol VIII, p12.



 LEFT: Genocide survivors being marched from Harput, Turkey through desert and bandit infested mountains to Aleppo, Syria situated 500 miles away. Source: The New Near East, April 1923, p.17. MIDDLE: Following their march of terror to the port of Samsun on the Black Sea coast, genocide survivors are loaded onto barges to be towed out to ships which will transport them to Constantinople, and eventually Greece. Source: The New Near East, Apr 1923, 14.  RIGHT: A group of Greek children who had dropped out exhausted from the weary lines of deportees were picked up by the NER from the Harput region and taken to Beirut some 750 miles away. Source: The New Near East, Nov 1922, 15.



3 PHOTOS FROM LEFT:Turkish atrocities, Smyrna 1922. Photos: American Red Cross.  FAR RIGHT: The New Near East Magazine, April 1923 edition cover.



LEFT: The church of Amphilocius at Konia, destroyed by the Turks in 1916. Source: The New Near East, November 1920., p.13. MIDDLE: The Dormition Church of Nicaea (Iznik). Looted and destroyed by Turks in 1920. The church was completely destroyed in 1922. Photo: Embros newspaper, 17 Apr 1921. RIGHT:  The Greek-Orthodox church in Nazilli (Turkey) set on fire by the Turkish army forces. Source: Kourouniotis, K, 1924. Mastavra. Archaiologikon Deltion 1924, Tomos 7, Teuxos 1-3, 1921-2, 250.



LEFT: The church of Saint John (Agios Ioannis Theologos) Smyrna, a day after the Turks entered the city and desecrated the graves, 10 Sep 1922. MIDDLE: Les Atrocites Turques (Turkish Atrocities). Source: Voila les Turcs! Recits des massacres d’ Ismidt, 1922,1923.  RIGHT: Armenian and Syrian Relief poster to raise funds for Armenian, Greek and [As]syrian genocide survivors. Circa 1917-1919. Source: US National Archives and Records Administration.